Wednesday, April 18, 2018

The Maps of Thoreau

Henry David Thoreau is mainly known for nature writing, but he was also an accomplished surveyor and cartographer. Here is a detail from an 1853 Concord, Massachusetts farm survey. Note the north arrows and the name of one of the abutting landowners "N. Hawthorne."
An excellent article by Daegan Miller in Places Journal (source of the image above) details his involvement in disputes between farmers and industrialists over the water levels of the Concord River. He carefully surveyed the river, noting depths, fords, sandbars and bridges with some interesting written embellishments such as "here is a shallow place", "quick current", "willow", "bottom soft", etc.

The article has a nice detail from a 91 inch wide rolled survey of the river. Unfortunately I cannot show it here because of permissions issues but you can see it from the web page of the Concord Free Library. One important takeaway is that through his notes on the map Thoreau sought to bring life to the map by filling details into the empty spaces. Previous maps had treated the river as a resource to be plundered. To quote Miller
"all those notes pinpointing where the plants grew, all those piles of figures and ghosts of surveys past, make of Thoreau’s a deep map — a view of an impressively interconnected world where nature, commerce, culture, history, and imagination all grow together — something nonfungible and specific: a full, a wild land living at once beyond and beneath the confined landscape of the town’s grasping improvers, both agricultural and industrial, who, despite their superficial differences, ultimately agreed that the best use of a river is to turn a profit."
Thoreau mapped many of the places he traveled to such as Cape Cod - via OpenCulture,
and the Merrimack River in New Hampshire via Mapping Thoreau Country.
You can see a huge collection of his maps a surveys via the Concord Free Library's Thoreau Surveys page. Most are farm surveys from Massachusetts but there are also plans for industrial sites as well as copies of historic maps of North America.

Thursday, April 12, 2018

What is a Milk Run and Y

Y do all the major airport codes in Canada begin with a Y? This map, via They Draw and Travel, partially explains. It also tells you what a "milk run" was. Click for a readable version.
Here's a map of the weather stations across Canada with all the Y codes, and a couple of Z codes too.

Wednesday, April 11, 2018


"The Soundscape of Istanbul project ( approaches everyday traditions and daily urban life from a sonic perspective and aims to increase public awareness of cultural sounds."
The dots above are color coded by type of space and a click on each one brings up a window with a SoundCloud sample of what the place sounds like. Here is an English translation of the legend for those of us who can't read Turkish.
The colors could be more logical and it is difficult to distinguish some of them on the map. 

There are three other cities including Diyarbakir in southeastern Turkey, where you can listen to the sounds of the tailor and copper smith among others. You can create a nice orchestral cacophony by clicking on a bunch of sounds.
Also included are London with traffic noises, train announcements, church bells and street musicians,
and Le Havre, France, where you can listen to maritime traffic and the blessing of the ships.
The project has a platform where you can register a login and contribute your own sounds.

Wednesday, April 4, 2018

The Riots in Washington DC

Fifty years ago, on April 4th, 1968, after the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Washington D. C. erupted with several days of rioting. The Washington Post has an excellent story with pictures videos and maps. Here is an animated map showing incidents as reported by the Secret Service.
This map shows the overall amount of destruction. I altered the original image slightly to show the legend.
Here are the two maps above overlaid.
There are also a few detailed maps of the major corridors where destruction took place showing individual buildings using the same color code. This one shows 7th St NW.
Here is a tweet from Lauren Tierney, Graphics Reporter at the Post about the design process. The color scheme replicates the original map.
Also, one for the north arrow.

Thursday, March 29, 2018

Landmarks: Maps as Literary Illustration

On Tuesday I got a chance to see an exhibit at Harvard University's Houghton Library called Landmarks: Maps as Literary Illustration. There was a great talk by illustrator and Cinemaps author Andrew DeGraff (whose own work is worthy of a future blog post) followed by a tour of the gallery. I hope to get back to share more before the exhibit closes (April 14th-soon!) but for now here are a couple of crude pictures I took with my phone. The description cards are mostly legible. Maybe I can get better pictures on a future visit.

Here are some Dell Mapbacks - more about Mapbacks here.
Finally, a Nancy Drew mystery.

Wednesday, March 28, 2018

New Hobby Part 2

Here's a color pencil map of West Africa I recently did based on the Times Atlas of the World.
By the time I got to the easternmost countries, the accuracy started to come off the rails. Ghana is way too narrow and I had to bend Benin to make it meet the corner of Niger. Here is a hastily done annotated version.
While gaining context it loses some of charm of the original. I might try to hand annotate it at some point.

In my previous post on this subject, I stated that I haven't done any hand drawn maps since childhood. However, I recently was cleaning up and found this watercolor painting I did in a college class. It was drawn from an atlas. I did this so long ago I don't remember the source but I think it was National Geographic. There was a page about the tectonic forces that created Pennsylvania's ridge and valley system with this map showing Blue and Second Mountain cutting through the Susquehanna River valley north of Harrisburg.

Tuesday, March 20, 2018

Bird Migrations

National Geographic's March Issue features a great map of bird migrations. Some of these birds fly halfway around the world to find food and suitable breeding grounds. They have put some remarkable interactive graphics online. Here is a video of the seasonal migration of the Magnolia Warbler.
Here's another one via their Twitter feed.

This video shows the annual cycle of vegetation that birds follow to assure the best supply of food.

Enjoy the full set of graphics and audio content here.